Jacques Duperon Baby family fonds

Reference Code: Fonds - F 2128
Title: Jacques Duperon Baby family fonds
Date of Creation: 1759-[ca. 1967]
Physical Description:

ca. 39 centimetres of textual records

1 chart : sepia print

3 maps (102 x 75 cm and smaller)

6 postcards

1 photograph : black and white print

4 plans (76 x 50 cm and smaller)

Scope and Content:

Fonds consists of records of various members of the Baby family, and are mainly concerned with the management of land assets, military activities, affairs of business and political involvements.

Fonds includes correspondence; records regarding gifts of land, land leases, land grants, land sales, and land agreements; commissions; an affidavit; an account of damage to Francis Baby's property; a return of those killed and injured from the 2nd Regiment of the Essex Militia at the Battle of River Raisin; an Oath of Allegiance to King George III (including a list of those who have signed the oath); a passport to enter Quebec; returns of pay, lodging money and effective horses; bonds; estate settlement records; power of attorney records; military instructions; and a warrant of delivery for the extradition of Alexander Carter, a fugitive from Indiana.

Fonds also contains a genealogical chart tracing the Baby family from 1590 to 1946, indicating variants of the Baby name, including Baby de Ranville, Babie and Baubie. The family tree complements the documents in the fonds by identifying names associated with the Baby family through marriage, including the Reaume, Hands and Wilson families.

Accrual to fonds consists of records related to James Francis Baby Esquire (ca. 1805-1849) and his successors; records connected with people who worked with the Baby family and / or their land such as Michael McNamara or Macnamara, trustee to the estate of the late James Francis Baby; and relatives of the Baby family, such as Mary Tracey, unmarried sister of Ellen Mary Tracey Baby, wife of Francis John Vincent Baby. The specific Baby or Bâby family members mentioned in the records are Lady Monique [Baby] Bellingham, Annie Teresa O'Donnell Baby, Anthony Baby, Catherine [Catharine or Cathrin] Baby, Charles [abbreviated "Chas."] Baby, Charles [Michael] Baby, Eliza [Elizabeth] Mary Baby, Elizabeth Abbott Baby, Francis C.I. Baby, Francis Edward Englebert [Ingle Bert] [Bert] Baby, Francis John Vincent [Frank] Baby, Francois Baby, Honorable Jacques [James] Duperon Baby, James [Francis] Baby, John Edward Baby, Mary Ellen [Ellen M.] [Tracy or Tracey] Baby, Raymond Baby (ca. 1837 - 1912), Raymond James (1808 - 1940), William Baby, P.B. [Philippe Baby] Casgrain; and Alice Maud [Maude] [Castle] Kassel Baby Kenney.

Most of the accrual documents are textual records related to legal or property matters, including abstract of title; bargain and sale; conveyance in trust; correspondence; costs of contempt; deeds; grants and concession; minutes; mortgages; notices; opinions; power of attorney; quit claims; reference; transfers of lots; and wills, some with codicils. The property records are for land mainly in York (Toronto) but also a variety of other places in Ontario such as Scarborough Township, Vespra lands, Home District, and Simcoe Country; as well as for Valcartier and Saint Gabriel, Quebec. There are newspaper articles about the Baby family as well as records that provide evidence of the family's religious beliefs.

The accrual also includes two small hand drawn maps of the Humber River, a large published map of Northern Ontario, as well as plans of Runnymede Estate and York Township. There is also domestic and international correspondence. Specifically, there are postcards addressed to Mary Tracey from her family and friends featuring images from: the Reversing Falls Rapids, Saint John, New Brunswick; The Hospital, Oshawa, Ontario; East Main Street, Welland, Ontario; Hotel Governor Clinton, New York, New York; Eden Park, Cincinnati, Ohio; and The Esplanade, Oban, Scotland.

There is one unidentified photograph of a man, woman and child in the accrual.

Administrative History or Biographical Sketch:

Jacques Duperon Baby and his sons, James and Francis, were involved in the fur trade, the public service, Justice, landownership, and the militia during the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Francis Baby was a member of the Upper Canada Legislative Assembly. Francois Baby, brother of Jacques Duperon, and his descendents played an important role in Quebec's politics and economy during the late 18th and 19th centuries.

Jacques Duperon Baby (1731-1789) was a French fur trader in Detroit during the late eighteenth century.

Jacques (James) Baby (1763-1833) was a public servant, office holder, judge, landowner, and a militia officer during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.

Click on the link(s) below for more information.

Baby, Jacques Duperon, 1731-1789

Baby, James, 1763-1833

Baby, James, 1763-1833

Finding Aid:

An online list is available for this fonds.

Structure of Collection:

View how this material is structured within its collection. Select items to navigate through the different available levels of description, including online series, sub-series and listings.

Restrictions on Access:

No restrictions on access except for accrual box 3 (B936071) which is closed for conservation reasons.

Physical Condition:

Several records have tears and staining.

How to order these records:

Reading Rooms: Consult the online list to identify the records that you require. Order using reference code and container barcode number. Some records are available on self-serve microfilm MS 498.

Reading Rooms: Please note that most of this material is stored off-site. A minimum of 1 business day is required to retrieve the material from storage. Please contact a Reference Archivist for more information.

Terms For Use and Reproduction:

Records are in the public domain. There are no restrictions on reproduction for research and private study. If you wish to use other than for research and private study any of this material, submit a Request for Permission to Publish, Exhibit or Broadcast Form.

Immediate Source of Acquisition: Materials in this fonds were loaned to the Archives of Ontario in 1962 for copying purposes by Mrs. G. Wright of the Department of Reform Institutions. Further materials were acquired by the Archives in 1963 from Mrs. Edith W. Taylor of St. Thomas, Ontario. Additional materials were donated to the Archives by Bob O'Donnell in 2006 and 2018. The materials were transferred from his great aunt, Teresa O'Donnell Baby, who had been married to Francis Edward Englebert Baby, also known as Bert.
Availability of Other Formats:

Many of the records in this fonds are available in microfilm and photostat form. See the online list for details.

Related Material:

Additional records concerning the Baby family can be found in the Hiram Walker Museum Collection at the Archives of Ontario (F 378).

Records relating to land transactions in Sandwich County between Jean Baptiste Baby and John Hands can be found in the John Hands Papers, F 518.


Title based on content of fonds. Some records are written in French.

Accruals: Accruals are expected.
Other/Former Codes:

Accession Numbers: 3056, 3245, MU 17 - MU 18.

Accrual Former Code: 1718-023