Patent plans

Reference Code: Series - RG 1-100
Title: Patent plans
Date of Creation: [178?]-[ca. 1978]
Physical Description:

4201 plans

Scope and Content:

Series consists of plans showing the status of Crown lands, whether patented, leased, or under a license of occupation. Until the late 1970s, patent plans were used within the Ministry of Natural Resources as a quick reference tool to show the alienation of Crown land. Once this information was computerised, the patent plans became redundant, and they were transferred to the Archives of Ontario.


At the time a survey was completed and a survey plan created, an extra copy of the plan was prepared. Whenever a lot or a portion of a lot was patented, the patentee's name was inscribed on the plan in the appropriate place and the lot normally was marked with a "D" for "described". At times, other information such as a land file number (See Series RG 1-246), an order-in-council number, a licence number or a lease reference also was included. Later survey plans were obtained from other government sources such as land registry offices.


Several patent plans may exist for a town or township, and the information provided may vary among the plans. The series also includes Subdivision plans, which are plans that subdivide land of existing lots into two or more new lots; or, the consolidation of two or more existing lots and their simultaneous redivision along new boundaries into two or more new lots. Subdivision plans include a prefix "M" before the number of the plan.


Particularly in the pre-Confederation period, these plans were used to record locations on land made for grants and sales. Often, however, the individuals named on the plans did not follow through with obtaining a patent on the land. Thus, in order to confirm that a patent was actually issued, it is necessary to examine other sources such as various indices to land patents. (See Inventory 52 for descriptions of these indices).


Administrative History or Biographical Sketch:

Click on the link(s) below for more information.

Quebec (Province, 1763-1791). Surveyor General's Office

Upper Canada. Surveyor General's Office

Canada (Province). Crown Lands Dept.

Ontario. Dept. of Crown Lands

Ontario. Surveys, Patents and Roads Branch

Ontario. Surveys and Patents Branch

Ontario. Dept. of Lands and Mines

Ontario. Dept. of Lands, Forests and Mines

Ontario. Dept. of Lands and Forests. Surveys Branch

Ontario. Lands Branch

Ontario. Dept. of Lands and Forests

Ontario. Division of Land and Recreational Areas

Ontario. Dept. of Lands and Forests. Division of Lands

Ontario. Lands and Surveys Branch

Ontario. Lands and Waters Branch

Ontario. Lands Administration Branch

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Finding Aid:

An online list is available for this series.

Structure of Collection:

View how this material is structured within its collection. Select items to navigate through the different available levels of description, including online series, sub-series and listings.

Restrictions on Access:

Some material may be closed for conservation reasons.

How to order these records:

Reading Rooms: Consult the online list to identify the records that you require. Order using reference code and container number.

Terms For Use and Reproduction:

Copyright is primarily held by the Crown. No restrictions on reproduction. Permission of the Archives of Ontario is required for publication; submit a Request for Permission to Publish, Exhibit or Broadcast Form.

Immediate Source of Acquisition: These records were acquired via direct transfer from the Ministry of Natural Resources, Land Management Branch, in 1979.
Related Material:

See the following series for further information on land patents: Series RG 53-1, Land patents; Series RG 53-2, Indexes to land patents by districts; Series RG 53-3, Cancelled land patents; Series RG 53-52, Land patents - Free grants; Series RG 53-53, Land patents - School land sales; Series RG 53-54, Land patents - Militia grants; Series RG 53-55, Index to land patents by township; and Series RG 53-56, Index to land patents by name.

Notes:

The dates in the online list do not reflect the dates of creation of specific maps. The records were constantly updated while they were held by the Ministry of Natural Resources.

Other/Former Codes:

Series RG 1-100 formerly was Series RG 1 C-I-10.

Authority:

Agency or agencies that created these records

1785-1791 Surveyor General's Office (BA139)
1791-1827 Surveyor General's Office (BA84)
1827-1867 Crown Lands Department (AA100)
1867-1870 Department of Crown Lands (AA49)
1870-1900 Department of Crown Lands (AA49) Surveys, Patents and Roads Branch (CA505)
1900-1905 Department of Crown Lands (AA49) Surveys and Patents Branch (CA506)
1905-1906 Department of Lands and Mines (AA50) Surveys and Patents Branch (CA506)
1906-1912 Department of Lands, Forests and Mines (AA51) Surveys and Patents Branch (CA506)
1912-1916 Department of Lands, Forests and Mines (AA51) Surveys Branch (CA507)
1916-1920 Department of Lands, Forests and Mines (AA51) Lands Branch (CA1150)
1920-1941 Department of Lands and Forests (AA52) Lands Branch (CA1150)
1941-1954 Department of Lands and Forests (AA52) Division of Land and Recreational Areas (CA188)
1954-1957 Department of Lands and Forests (AA52) Division of Lands (CA187)
1957-1971 Department of Lands and Forests (AA52) Lands and Surveys Branch (CA510)
1971-1972 Department of Lands and Forests (AA52) Lands and Waters Branch (CA1467)
1972-1978 Ministry of Natural Resources Lands Administration Branch (CA1265)